this is bbc news. i'm lewis vaughan jones. thousands call for spanish unity in madrid. the sacked leader of the spanish region of catalonia, vows to resist direct rule. cricket returns to pakistan. nine yea rs cricket returns to pakistan. nine years after the national team was forced to play abroad. years after the national team was forced tc make—up ad. dancing, make—up and the first marriage. - reality for raqqa marriage. a new reality for raqqa after islamic state. welcome to the programme.
the sacked leader of the spanish region of catalonia, carles puigdemont, has made a televised address for peaceful resistance to madrid imposing direct rule on the region. spain's government has dissolved the regional parliament and installed a new police chief after mr puigdemont declared independence. in madrid, several thousand people held a rally, waving spanish flags and calling for national unity. our correspondent james reynolds reports from barcelona. this is the first full day of direct rule from madrid. and no—one‘s yet sure quite what to make of it. catalan organisations have told people here to carry on as normal. right here, it's hard to tell that anything has changed one way or another. the catalan political headquarters. been sacked by madrid, are now trying to work
out their next move. carles puigdemont, the catalan leader, featured on today's front pages, refuses to accept that he has been fired. translation: we do not deviate. we continue persevering in the only way that can make us winners. without violence, without insults, in an inclusive way, respecting people, symbols and opinions. many here are worried about what may come next. antonio and pilar, here queueing up for lottery tickets, just want a fresh start. "elections, elections, elections", he tells me. and over in madrid, demonstrators have come out to support the imposition of direct rule in the catalan region. why do they want to break up spain? there is no sense. it is a problem that is not only affecting catalonia. it is affecting the whole of europe.
we have to act. tonight, catalans may wonder who exactly is running their lives. they're ruled directly by madrid, but their own deposed leader continues to try to govern, leaving people here in a strange half world. james reynolds, bbc news, barcelona. the somali islamist group, al—shabaab, had said it carried out a twin bomb attack on a hotel in the capital, mogadishu. at least 14 people have been killed and 17 injured. ministers and regional officials were in the hotel ahead of a meeting on sunday to discuss security. sarah corker reports. the sheer force of the first explosion left a heap
of tangled metal. as the first ambulances arrived to treat the injured, sporadic gunfire was heard in the distance. a suicide car bomb had been driven into the gates of a hotel popular with politicians. there was a second explosion nearby. a minibus packed with explosives, police said. smoke billowed over mogadishu. translation: i was driving in front of a hotel, a soldier was talking to someone in a luxury car and then a big blast went off. two female passengers were on board but i do not know where they have gone. the islamic militant group al—shabaab said they carried out the bombings. just two weeks ago the city was hit by the worst ever bomb attack in which 350 people were killed. al—shabaab has been blamed for that attack although the group has not claimed responsibility. thousands of somalis took to the streets to demand tougher action against the insurgents.
somalia has been a more or less failed state now for over 25 years, torn apart first by rival warlords and, more recently, by the islamist extremists al—sha baab. the group lost their foothold in mogadishu in 2011 but have continued their battle to overcome the somali government. allied to al-qaeda, they're believed to have between 7,000 and 9,000 fighters. in 2016, 723 people died in 395 bomb attacks in somalia. and this latest bombing came as ministers were due to meet on sunday to discuss security. emergency services have warned the death toll is likely to rise. sarah corker, bbc news. earlier i spoke with an expert on
violent extremism. he explained the significance of the timing of these attacks. you know, this is a very difficult time. just in the past two weeks, 14 october, we saw one of the most deadly attacks in somali history, and what that shows is that al—shabaab as an organisation is no longer on its heels. it has remobilised, it's reconstituted itself, and this is a very difficult time. and we've seen just in neighbouring areas, not very far away, in mozambique, one of the first attacks ever by individuals declaring to be affiliated with al—shabaab. so the horn of africa is seeing a lot of concerns, and al—shabaab in particular is certainly leading that force. well, the received wisdom over the last couple of years among some people was that they were on the retreat here. are you saying that — does this reshape that now? yeah, absolutely. i think i myself, along
with other analysts, have certainly said for quite some time we've seen al—shabaab see a considerable amount of setbacks, in light of an ongoing us counterterrorism operation, in collaboration with their somali counterparts. but i think what we're seeing now, with this attack, obviouslyjust yesterday, as well, is one of an organisation that's probably working with isis, with externally — in terms of financial support, and certainly still carrying its weight on its own, as a result of its long—standing grievance against the somali government. and we saw these attacks coming ahead of this meeting on sunday, dealing with security issues. how damaging will this be to the politics in somalia? you know, i think that the somali government is doing the best that they can. they have limited resources. there was just an op—ed that came out in the us just a few days ago, and their head of their intelligence services said, don't forget about us. we need your assistance,
we need technical expertise, as it relates to dealing with these ied attacks that have taken place. and so i think that's a message for all of us. though we may want to push back, and realise that there may be donor fatigue, this is time, more than ever. somalia is no longer a failed state, it's a fragile state. and fragility is actually a positive thing, in the sense of comparing it to just years ago, just ten years ago, it being certainly ranked as a failed state. so there's some incremental progress, and we have to take it from there. and, just briefly, al—shabaab obviously having some success with these attacks. what have the backers of somalia been doing wrong in the west? what needs to happen now? you know, i think that we need to actually have an anti—al—shabaab coalition, just like we have anti—isis coalitions dealing with the islamic state in iraq. those in the western world, have to put policy behind us. if we are serious about this, we need to realise that somalia
needs this campaign. and it can'tjust be the high—level targets that we're going after. it has to be the rank—and—file types, and we actually need to see this as an important issue, that needs to be addressed immediately. let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news. italian—american actress annabella sciorra, who starred in us tv series the sopranos, has accused disgraced producer harvey weinstein of rape. she told the new yorker that weinstein forced his way into her new york apartment and assaulted her in 1992. weinstein‘s spokeswoman said the producer denies claims of non—consensual sex. the cuban foreign minister has denied reports that sonic attacks were carried out against us embassy personnel in havana. he said the alleged incidents were being used to damage bilateral relations. several staff at the us embassy fell
ill, reportedly as a result of mysterious attacks carried out by covert sonic devices. iceland's main centre—right party looks set to remain the largest in a snap election called after a scandal over a paedophile toppled the coalition. despite slight losses, pm bjarni benediktsson‘s independence party is ahead. but with other coalition parties losing ground it is unclear who would get the mandate to form a government. the second snap election in a year was held amid deep voter missed truck —— deep voter mistrust despite a thriving economy. in brazil, 11 cities are in a state of emergency because of drought. a lack of rain has impacted farmers and exacerbated fires and has had serious consequences for local wildlife. brazilian state of tocantins.
and without enough water, it is difficult for large reptiles to keep cool. these caimans, relatives of alligators, are searching for relief from the sun. but the mud is so dry that some are finding themselves stuck, and dozens have died. to help them, conservationists are pulling them from the mud and relocating them. translation: more and more, the animals need our help. without our assistance, it's difficult for them to survive in such extremes. they are transported to an area with more water, where they can cool off safely. the conservationists are also rescuing trapped and dehydrated cattle. for some of the state's farmers, the drought has been devastating. translation: i had to sell all of my livestock, so they wouldn't die. for these animals, the assistance from environmentalists is life—saving, but what they need
more than anything is rain. stay with us here on bbc news, still to come: levelling the playing field. brazil takes the lead on challenging sexism in sport. indira gandhi, ruler of the world's largest democracy, died today. 0nly yesterday she'd spoken of dying in the service of her country and said, "i would be proud of it, every drop of my blood will contribute to the growth of this nation". after 46 years of unhappiness, these two countries have concluded a chapter of history. no more suspicion, no more fear, no more uncertainty of what each day might bring.
booster ignition and liftoff of discovery, with a crew of six astronaut heroes and one american legend. well, enjoying the show is right — this is beautiful. on the planet. this is bbc news. the latest headlines: thousands have called for spanish unity — at a mass rally in madrid. catalonia's sacked leader has vowed to resist direct rule. at least 14 people have been killed after two explosions in the heart of the somali capital, mogadishu. voting in kenya's disputed election remains on hold with the poll suspended in several areas because of clashes between rival groups.
the opposition leader, raila 0dinga, refused to run in the contest against the sitting president, uhuru kenyatta. but attempts are being made on the ground to defuse tension. 0ur africa editor fergal keane joined a peace convoy led by two local governors touring the villages in kisumu, appealing for calm. if this country is to end its political crisis, this convoy might be an inspiration. governor paul kiprono is a kalenjin and supported the elections. "it was important we came here today with a message of peace," he says. the governor of kisumu, anyang nyong'o, is a luo and an opposition leader. "from today, there will be no more roadblocks," he promised. this is a significant event
because so often in the past, powerful men have used ethnic rivalry to their political advantage. this is quite the opposite. the two governors are going into their respective communities together to preach a message of tolerance. these kalenjin farmers say their luo neighbours stopped the election taking place here. they refused our people to vote. they wouldn't allow you to vote? yeah, and our people don't like it. we drove past the barricades set up to prevent voting. these are luo. but it's a great deal more complex here than tribal enmity. poverty, deepened by corruption and misrule, has inflamed local divisions.
the young men said they'd armed in self—defence. they claimed they'd been attacked and had cattle stolen a few hours earlier. there were moments of tension. some shouted at the visiting kalenjin governor. in the morning, when we took our people to work out there, they started beating them and chasing them away. what is the solution? the solution is it's good that the governors have come. we need those people to bring back our cattle fast so we can sit down and find a solution. the peace initiative follows election violence which took the life of josephine 0uko's son george. in nearby kisumu. translation: i feel pain.
ifeel pain because my baby was not sick. he died from a bullet. ifeel much pain. it's the human toll that makes today's peace move something far greater than the politics of gesture. we have de—escalated any tension that was there by almost 100%. this is the way forward for kenya, this is the way forward for africa. the bigger crisis remains unresolved but across the west, it felt calmer tonight. fergal keane, bbc news, kisumu. let's go to the syrian city of raqqa, which was captured by us—backed forces less than two weeks ago. it was the self—declared capital of the so—called islamic state where atrocities were carried out against people living there. it will be some time before life for those returning can be called normal, but in a first — since the city's liberation — men and women have danced together in celebration at a wedding that would have been unimaginable
just months ago. in traditional manner, women swirl and ululate in a wedding celebration in one of raqqa's western neighbourhoods. this is the first such gathering since so—called islamic state were driven from the city by a coalition of kurdish, arab, and syrian fighters. 0n the patio, a man spins his prayer beads to the beat as he leads a line of men and women in the dabke, a traditional dance. dancers hop and sway as children run around and elders look on. almost everything in the scene would have been impossible during the three years of brutal is rule. the group banned music and dancing, imposed a strict dress code, prevented women from wearing make—up, and forcably prohibited the mixing of men and women. the groom's family, unlike many others who fled raqqa
during the fighting, has been able to return to their neighbourhood and celebrate. translation: this is the first time we've got together like this. to wear the burqa. female guests, forced underjihadist rule to wear all—enveloping black, including gloves and face veils, now enjoy patterned robes and bright red lipstick. for now, raqqa is close to uninhabitable with many buildings destroyed and large parts of the city off—limits for fear of unexploded ordnance. hundreds were killed in the fighting, and many residents are still searching for missing family members. but for the wedding guests, the celebration is a glimmer of hope for the future. david campanale, bbc news. the pakistani cricket team is preparing to host sri lanka on sunday — the first time since a militant attack nine years ago.
eight people were killed when gunmen set upon the sri lankan team bus. ever since, pakistan has been forced to play their home games in the gulf, because other teams have been too concerned about safety. now, though, many in pakistan see the return of the sri lankan team as the return of international cricket to the country. secunder kermani reports from lahore. this empty plot of land is playing host to three simultaneous games of cricket. but the match everyone is talking about will take place a few kilometres away, when pakistan take on sri lanka at the gaddafi stadium. translation: i'm really happy the sri lankan team is coming here. for a long time, there's been no cricket in pakistan. that's been really damaging to young players. translation: we will be supporting both teams, but particularly the sri lankans. whoever wins, it's a victory for cricket. this is what happened last time the sri lankan team came to lahore. eight people were killed,
a number of players injured. following the attack, pakistan have held their home games in the united arab emirates. even the top domestic cricket championship is played there — all at a huge cost to the cricket board. playing our home series away from home crowds in foreign lands like dubai means our expenses are literally, like, 100% increased. net profits of ecb are all ploughed back into management, stadium upkeep, into player fees, and the grounds, and so on and so forth. all of that has suffered. at the gaddafi stadium, they are preparing for sunday's match. a world 11 team visited, too. but cricket won't be back to normal until everyone
feels comfortable visiting. if we have regular bilateral series, then you can honestly say that cricket has come back. but, right now, it's almost like a one—off event, you know? it's like they are starting to get teams back, so that the world gets comfortable with the idea that cricket is returning to pakistan. terrorist attacks have greatly reduced in pakistan in recent years but there will still be tight security for this game. the next step, though, is for matches to be played in other cities across the country, and then for a full international series. cricketing authorities here say they hope that will happen the bbc‘s 100 women season comes to an end this weekend. the special programming saw 100 influential women take part in challenges to improve the lives of women around the world. the final challenge in brazil was to come up with ways to tackle
sexism in sport. the participants spent a week coming up with innovative ways to include more girls and women in sporting activities. julia carneiro reports from rio. it's finally the big day. after a week debating how to tackle sexism in football, we've come to a school in bahia to present the solutions our experts came up with, and to try them out on the pitch. so first, let's go over here to meet some of the experts and find out what they have been up to. you advise a former brazilian international, and i see here you have a list of five different rules you have created. what are these different rules? so it is all equal opportunities on the pitch.
and maira liguori — she has an ngo that works with empowering women through information. so you were focusing on visibility. what are you doing there? we created a youtube channel so that we can gather information and create free tutorials and media inspiring women playing football, so they can inspire the girls who want to start to play. there no such information on the internet — always about men. and we want this to be strong. maira, thank you. but, of course, the crucial thing is how everything works on the pitch. now, the match is going really well. it's very competitive, a great game. and they're all wearing t—shirts that have been especially made for today. that's part of the solutions the experts came up with, with slogans saying that the girls are proud to play as girls, the match hasjust finished.
the 100 women team lost. it was 9—3 for the other team. the girls are a bit upset, but let's see how they feel. they played really, really well. maria, how do you feel? how did you like the game? como que foi o seu jogo? now, of course, this wasn't about winning or losing. it was really about starting a debate, trying out new methods, and hopefully inspiring women here in brazil and in other parts of the world. that's all for now. you are watching bbc news. hello there.
a change in the clock is going to bring a big change in the weather as well. now, on saturday, we had some very interesting cloud formations, helped by some very gusty westerly winds, which brought a temperature of 17 degrees in aberdeen, so relatively mild. but that is changing now, because our air is starting to come down all the way from the arctic. much colder northerly winds, especially in the north and east of the uk. it will bring much more sunshine and a brighter day on sunday, but for many of us, it will be noticeably colder, as well. the colder air coming in behind this very weak weather front here, which is more a band of cloud. a little rain or drizzle on it as well, still some gusty winds with that. that is keeping temperatures up across more southern parts of england and wales. but in the clear skies, as you head further north, sunday will start much colder. now, there will be more sunshine around on sunday. we'll see that cloud in the south and south—west, eventually clearing away from devon and cornwall. some good spells of sunshine throughout the day. a few showers running into northern scotland,
down those north sea coasts, where the wind will be strongest. and it is here it will feel particularly cold, so a significant drop in temperature for the likes of newcastle and aberdeen. whereas further south and west, it won't be as windy, 1a degrees — it will be much more pleasant. however, we're going to find this area of high pressure building in across the uk overnight. we'll have largely clear skies, so it all points to a cold night. temperatures probably in rural areas close to orjust below freezing. we haven't had much frost at all this month, but monday is going to start off pretty chilly, with a frost in the countryside, at least on the grass. it won't warm up much through the day. it may turn milder through the week. because the westerly winds will return, that means more cloud. that means more rain, not very much, most of it in the north—west. this is how we start monday, bright, sunny but cold. more southern and eastern areas may well hold onto the sunshine. it may well turn a little hazy, and more cloud will come in from the north—west, where we could see a little rain in the north—west of scotland and northern ireland,
but temperatures 9—12 degrees. now, as we move into tuesday, we start to get more influence from the atlantic, west to south—westerly winds. that means more cloud around on tuesday. it means some bits and pieces of rain, most of it across the northern half of the uk, but temperatures returning up to about 1k, perhaps 15 degrees. and, even on wednesday, we start to see those winds strengthening a little bit, more rain coming into scotland and northern ireland. but, for most of england and wales, it should be dry and rather mild. this is bbc news. the headlines: the sacked leader of catalonia has given a defiant response to its takeover by the spanish government calling for democratic resistance. the spanish government said it would welcome the participation of carles puigdemont in new elections but said he could still be prosecuted. there's continuing gunfire inside a hotel in somalia's capital, mogadishu, which has been attacked by the islamist group, al—shabaab. at least 1a people were killed